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10 Disturbing and Hilarious Typos in the Bible

October 26, 2015 in Blogs

By Tom Boggioni, Raw Story

Yes, that Bible. The “infallible” one


The most popular book in the history of mankind — if one discounts the opinions of fans of Ayn Rand —  is believed to be the Bible.

Theologians have speculated that the most holy of Christian books was written by 40 authors over a period of 1,500 years with many true believers feeling that it is the actual word of God — technically making the authors “transcribers.”

     

With many versions of the Bible re-translated over so many years into multiple languages and idioms, it is understandable that “mistakes will be made,” although none quite as bad as Adam and Eve taking a bite out of the apple.

According to David Shariatmadari at The Guardian, a 1631 version that came to be known as the “Sinner’s Bible” was so egregiously bad that most copies were destroyed and the printer — Robert Barker — was stripped of his printing license, fined and imprisoned where he died 15 years later.

Typos in the Bible did not die out with Barker and are bound to continue with new versions and interpretations always on the horizon.

With that in mind, Shariatmadari has complied 10 of the worst typos in the Bible to date:

  • “Sin on more” — This obvious one comes from a 1716 edition of the King James version and 8,000 copies were released before the error was noticed.
  • “Let the children first be killed” — Wrong. From Mark 7:27, “Let the children first be filled” seems more in line with Christian charity.
  • “If the latter husband ate her” — From the so-called “Cannibal’s Bible” dated 1682,  it was supposed to read, “If the latter husband hate her.”  The less said about this, the better.
  • “To remain” — In an 1805 Bible, instructions to the printer on the placement of a comma — it was supposed to stay — became part of Galatians 4:29. “But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit to remain, even so it is now.”
  • “Owl husband” — It is well known from Leviticus that interspecies relations were frowned upon in the Bible, and the 1944 King James …read more

    Source: ALTERNET

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Benghazi, Joe McCarthy and the Witch Trials: The Dark Undercurrent of Trey Gowdy's Hearings

October 26, 2015 in Blogs

By Andrew O’Hehir, Salon

Sure, Hillary trounced those clowns. But Benghazi true believers will fight on to save America—or destroy it.


Benghazi is many things to many people, but it’s not about Benghazi. What I mean is that the meme or mantra or ideological touchstone known as “Benghazi” has virtually nothing to do with the Libyan port city of that name, or what happened there in September 2012. (Which – can we just say this? – barely registers in the historical scale of American foreign-policy tragedies, blunders and miscalculations.) For the Republican Party and its agonized cadre of true believers, Benghazi is like Yoko Ono, in the legendary National Lampoon spoof from the early ’70s: a concept by which we measure our pain.

The House Select Committee on Benghazi, chaired by Rep. Trey Gowdy, before which Hillary Clinton testified for nearly 11 hours on Thursday, is not really investigating the Benghazi incident, in which Libyan militants overran a United States diplomatic compound and four Americans were killed. Or to put it another way, Gowdy’s committee is seeking the truth about Benghazi in the same sense that Joe McCarthy investigated actual Communist spies in the U.S. government, or that Cotton Mather pursued actual witches in Salem Village. Those things are all connected, at least in the nightmare imagination of the Benghazi-verse: If one of the committee members had had the temerity to denounce Clinton as a Communist and a witch (as well as a traitor and murderess and lesbian and whatever the hell else), the “Republican base” would have risen from its collective sofa and roared in Old Milwaukee-spumed delight. It must have been hard to resist.

Nothing quite so revealing occurred, but it was revealing enough. To get back to history, Joe McCarthy genuinely feared the Reds and Cotton Mather feared the Devil; those guys may have been sociopaths, but they were not hypocrites. But like the Benghazi-hunters, both men were really after something else, something larger and more numinous and almost impossible to define. That fatal vagueness and sense of mission-creep was precisely what enabled Clinton to humiliate the Benghazi committee’s leading Republicans so thoroughly and …read more

Source: ALTERNET

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Robert Reich Dissects the Difference Between Actual Leaders and Trump-Like Demagogues

October 26, 2015 in Blogs

By Robert Reich, RobertReich.org

A leader brings out the best in his followers. A demagogue brings out the worst.


Among the current crop of candidates for president of the United States, who exhibits leadership and who doesn’t?

Leadership isn’t just the ability to attract followers. Otherwise some of the worst tyrants in history would be considered great leaders. They weren’t leaders; they were demagogues. There’s a difference.

A leader brings out the best in his followers. A demagogue brings out the worst. 

Leaders inspire tolerance. Demagogues incite hate.

Leaders empower the powerless; they give them voice and respect. Demagogues scapegoat the powerless; they use scapegoating as a means to fortify their power.

Leaders calm peoples’ irrational fears. Demagogues exploit them.

My list of great American leaders would include Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frances Perkins, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

In his second inaugural address near the end of the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln urged his followers to act with “malice toward none, with charity for all.”

In his first inaugural at the depths of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt told Americans the “only thing we have to fear is fear itself – nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts.”

In 1963, as African-Americans demanded their civil rights, Martin Luther King, Jr. urged his followers “not to seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.”

My list of American demagogues would include Senator “Pitchfork” Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina, who supported lynch mobs in the 1890s; Father Charles Coughlin, whose antisemitic radio rants in the 1930s praised Nazi Germany; Senator Joseph McCarthy, who conducted the communist witch hunts of the 1950s; and Governor George C. Wallace, the staunch defender of segregation.

These men inspired the worst in their followers. They scapegoated the weak and set Americans against each other. They used fear to stoke hate and thereby entrench their power.

Back to the current crop of Presidential candidates: Who are the leaders, and who are the demagogues?

The leaders have sought to build bridges with those holding different views.

Rand Paul spoke at Berkeley, for example, seeking common ground with the university’s mostly-progressive …read more

Source: ALTERNET

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Donald Trump's Life of Struggle: ‘My Father Gave Me a Small Loan of $1 Million’

October 26, 2015 in Blogs

By Tana Ganeva, AlterNet

The real estate mogul describes his life of hardship.


On Monday morning, Donald Trump appeared at a New Hampshire “Town Hall” moderated by NBC's Matt Lauer. When an attendee asked the real estate mogul if he'd ever been told “no,” Trump replied by detailing a life of hardship involving a mere million dollar loan from his dad, a problem that must be all-too-familiar to struggling Americans.

“My whole life really has been a ‘no.’ And I fought through it,” Trump said.

“It has not been easy for me,” he said. “I started off in Brooklyn. My father gave me a small loan of a million dollars. I came into Manhattan, and I had to pay him back. And I had to pay him back with interest. But I came into Manhattan. I started buying up properties, and I did great.”

When Lauer pointed out that starting out with a million dollars might not seem too difficult to most Americans, Trump's ego remained unscathed. 
 
“You’re right,” Trump said. “But $1 million isn’t very much compared to what I built, I’ve built one of the great companies.”
 
Watch below: 

 

…read more

Source: ALTERNET

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Saving Puerto Rico

October 26, 2015 in Economics

By Richard W. Rahn

Richard W. Rahn

Ultimately, if you continue to spend more than you take in — whether you are an individual, business or government — there will be a day of reckoning. Puerto Rico is likely to reach that day by Dec. 1.

Back in June, the governor of Puerto Rico, Alejandro Garcia Padilla, announced that the government debt of $73 billion had grown so large that it was no longer “repayable.” At that time, many of us who have had experience with countries in fiscal crisis made recommendations (see my commentary “Puerto Rico is America’s Greece,” June 23) to avoid what is now almost certain to happen. Puerto Rico is a partially self-governing U.S. possession. It is required to follow the U.S. Constitution and many, but not all, federal laws and regulations.

The causes and remedies for mounting debt are clear.”

As is its pattern, the Obama administration waited until the last minute — this past week — to unveil its “solution,” dubbed “Super Chapter 9.” Chapter 9 is a provision in the U.S. bankruptcy code that allows local governments in U.S. states, but not the states themselves (includingPuerto Rico), to declare bankruptcy. The Obama administration’s proposal would allow both Puerto Rico and its municipalities to declare bankruptcy under something akin to Chapter 9. This proposal would deny bondholders their existing constitutional protections, while, at the same time, do little to address the real problems that caused the fiscal crisis in Puerto Rico. If the proposal is adopted, bond markets would likely read it as a precedent that would destroy bondholder rights and wealth in mismanaged states, including debt-stressed Illinois and California. The result would likely be higher borrowing costs for all states owing to the increase in risk to bondholders. It is for these and other reasons that the Republicans are likely to reject it. The administration’s proposal could rightly be characterized as too little, too late, and too poorly thought out.

Puerto Rico should be very rich — but it has suffered from too much local government populism and socialism, and some destructive U.S. government regulations. The government has a number of state-owned companies that are poorly managed, such as the power company, which runs huge deficits, despite charging electricity rates many times higher than most mainland Americans pay. The minimum wage in the United States is about 28 percent of the average wage, while it is 77 percent in Puerto Rico. The result of destructive labor policies …read more

Source: OP-EDS

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Federal Reserve Dividends: Wrong Road for a Highway Funding Fix

October 26, 2015 in Economics

By Mark A. Calabria, Aaron Klein

Mark A. Calabria and Aaron Klein

Even seasoned watchers of the Federal Reserve were shocked when the Senate attempted to change an obscure dividend rate paid by the Fed to the banks, which are technically the owners of the Federal Reserve System. This interest rate had been set more than a century ago and never altered, even as the rest of the Federal Reserve System, leadership, mission, and responsibilities have undergone significant changes. One of the many problems with this proposal is that it did not receive consideration from any committee of jurisdiction in Congress. There have been no hearings focused on the issue.  Perhaps worst of all, such would set a dangerous precedent in which changes to the Federal Reserve, including ways in which it conducts monetary policy could be used to fund anything, as in this case it is being used to fund a surface transportation bill.

As former Senate Banking Committee staff, from different sides of the aisle, we have both spent considerable time examining the Federal Reserve. While we have strong differences of opinion on a number of Federal Reserve issues, both of us believe that the Federal Reserve Act could be improved. But we also believe changes to the Fed should result from careful deliberation and be not used as a random piggy bank for the topic de jour.

Changes to the Fed should result from careful deliberation and be not used as a random piggy bank for the topic de jour.”

To be clear, we are not endorsing the current dividend rate of 6 percent as the proper figure for eternity. Perhaps the current 6 percent is not the right number – although we note that it has existed for more than a century— untouched.  We simply think it is hard to make such conclusions in the absence of analysis, which up to this point have been solely lacking. What will the effects be of such a change on regulated banks that choose to switch their regulator as a result of this change? What are the precedents for additional legislative changes to how the Fed conducts monetary policy? Is this the start of Congress going down a road to change Federal Reserve tools to come up with money for unrelated purposes?

A GAO study could well be the appropriate place to start this analysis. We applaud Financial Services Chairman Hensarling (R-Texas) for requesting one …read more

Source: OP-EDS

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Former White House Chief of Staff: Sarah Palin Marked the Moment the GOP Went Off the Rails

October 26, 2015 in Blogs

By Janet Allon, AlterNet

Wondering where today's crazy GOP clown-show started?


Wondering where the insanity that is today's GOP started? Look no further than nonsense-spewer Sarah Palin. This is the view espoused by WIlliam M. Daley, former White House Chief of Staff under President Obama from 2011-2012 in Monday's Washington Post.

He makes a pretty good case, first for the fact that the party has descended into utter chaos. “When The Post’s front page declares: 'Republicans are on the verge of ceasing to function as a national party,' it’s time to ask: How did this come to pass?” he opens. How did we get to the side-to-side clown shows of the GOP presidential contest, and the total breakdown of a functioning party in Congress?

The turning point came in 2008, when the party put then Alaska-Governor Sarah Palin a heartbeat away from the presidency, despite her utter lack of competency. That is when the party effectively embraced the lack of competence and experience as a virtue. From that flows Ben Carson and Donald Trump as frontrunners for the nomination and a variety of other ills. Daley writes: 

Palin’s blatant lack of competence and preparedness needs no belaboring. What’s critical is that substantive, serious Republican leaders either wouldn’t or couldn’t declare, before or after the election: “This is not what our party stands for. We can and must do better.”

By the campaign’s end, GOP operatives were shielding Palin from even the simplest questions. (She had flunked “what newspapers do you read?”). Barack Obama cruised to victory.

Fox snapped up Palin. All bombast, no reason, no compromise ever became both the party's and the network's daily bread. And let's not forget that it was one of the “party's more thoughtful and substantive veterans,” a.k.a. John McCain, who ushered in the new era of substanceless sizzle, writes Daley.  

Once McCain put Palin on the ticket, Republican “grown-ups,” who presumably knew better, had to bite their tongues. But after the election, when they were free to speak their minds, they either remained quiet or abetted the dumbing-down of the party. They stood by as Donald Trump and others noisily pushed claims …read more

Source: ALTERNET

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Mises Weekends: Dr. Michel Accad

October 26, 2015 in Economics

By Mises Institute

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Mises Weekends: Dr. Michel Accad

Listen here. Dr. Michal Accad is a practicing cardiologist who has written several articles about healthcare for mises.org. You won't find many MDs as well versed in Austrian economics.

Jeff Deist and Dr. Accad discuss practicing medicine in the Age of Obamacare, where every symptom and every treatment must fit into an insurance company code. Doctors are miserable, in debt like never before, and slaves to billing systems that consume their time. Worst of all, they've become de facto employees rather than trusted protectors of their patients' well-being.

Dr. Michal Accad: Why Can't We Pay Cash for Doctors?

Video of Dr. Michal Accad: Why Can't We Pay Cash for Doctors?

October 26, 2015

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Haiti Votes: Bigger Challenge Remains Dominican Republic's Threat of Ethnic "War"

October 25, 2015 in Economics

By Doug Bandow

Doug Bandow

Port-Au-Prince, Haiti—Haitians voted for a new president. With 54 candidates seeking the post a run-off seems inevitable. Whoever wins will face overwhelming challenges, none greater than the threat from the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola, to expel hundreds of thousands of ethnic Haitians

Haiti was an oppressive French slave colony, liberated in 1804 in a bloody, 13-year revolt inspired by the French Revolution. Slave-holding America was ambivalent toward Haiti’s revolution and the two countries developed in very different directions. For instance, Haiti’s liberator declared himself emperor and slaughtered many whites. “Liberated” peasants were forbidden from leaving plantations to revive the farming economy.

Haiti never developed into a stable, prosperous democracy. Rather, the country suffered through some 30 coups over the years and was occupied by the U.S. military for nearly two decades a century ago. More recently Haiti went through three decades of rule by father and son dictators, “Papa Doc” and “Baby Doc” Duvalier, which ended only in 1986, followed by botched elections, military coups, violent conflict, populist politics, international sanctions, and a threatened U.S. invasion in 1994, followed by reinstatement as president of the violent demagogue Jean-Bertrand Aristide. (One of his former ministers, Maryse Narcisse, is on today’s ballot.)

In January 2010 an earthquake devastated Haiti. Estimates of dead ranged widely, to more than 300,000. At least 1.5 million people were displaced. Haiti received almost $10 billion in foreign aid in the following three years, but little long-term benefit is evident. The government is legendarily incompetent and corrupt. Today President Michael Martelly, a popular musician elected in 2011, rules virtually alone. He and the opposition were unable to agree to the composition of the Provisional Electoral Council, preventing scheduled parliamentary polls from taking place. At the moment Haiti has only 10 elected officials besides the president.

Secretary of State John Kerry dropped into Port-au-Prince earlier this month to urge “free and fair elections that take part without intimidation, without violence.” So far Washington has contributed $30 million toward the legislative and presidential polls.

Alas, the campaign was not smooth. The first round legislative vote in August, contested by 128 parties, suffered several violent incidents, closing some polling places and requiring a revote for 25 (of 139) seats. Later that month presidential candidate Michelet Nestor was assaulted while campaigning. At least 15 people were killed earlier this month in Port-au-Prince’s infamous slum, Cite Soleil. Some residents blamed gang disputes over distribution …read more

Source: OP-EDS

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10 Memorable Moments in United Nations History

October 23, 2015 in History

By Sarah Pruitt

A man looks at one of the first documents published by the United Nations, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  (Credit: Three Lions/Getty Images)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted (1948)

A man looks at one of the first documents published by the United Nations, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (Credit: Three Lions/Getty Images)

From its earliest meetings, the U.N. General Assembly sought to ensure that atrocities on the scale of those that occurred during World War II would never happen again. On December 10, 1948, the assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which built on the principles of the U.N. Charter and served as a road map to safeguarding the rights of all individuals throughout the world. Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, led the drafting committee and was recognized as the declaration’s guiding force.

First full-fledged peacekeeping force deployed (1956)


UN International Emergency Force assembling, 1956. (Credit: David Lees/Getty Images)

Though the U.N. Charter does not specifically mention the use of international armed forces, under the control of the Security Council, to mediate between warring parties, this type of peacekeeping has been an important part of the U.N. mission since 1956. The U.N. General Assembly met in its first emergency special session that November in order to address the ongoing Suez Crisis, which had begun when Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal Company, a joint British-French enterprise. After pressure from the United States led Britain and France to accept a ceasefire and end their short-lived military action against Egypt, the first United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was deployed to supervise the end of hostilities and the withdrawal of British, French and Israeli forces.

World Food Program established (1961)

World Food Program distribution center in Pakistan, near the border of Afghanistan. (Credit: Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
World Food Program distribution center in Pakistan, near the border of Afghanistan. (Credit: Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

In 1960, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed to the U.N. General Assembly that “a workable scheme should be devised for providing food aid through the U.N. system.” The following year, the assembly approved the establishment of the World Food Program (WFP) on a three-year experimental basis. The WFP got off the ground immediately, however, providing urgently needed food supplies to the victims of a 1962 earthquake (Iran) and hurricane (Thailand), as well as to some 5 million refugees …read more

Source: HISTORY