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Victorian Era Timeline

March 15, 2019 in History

By History.com Editors

The period of Queen Victoria’s reign, from 1837 until her death in 1901 was marked by sweeping progress and innovations, from telephones to trains to a whole new theory on humankind’s origins on Earth.

It was the time of the world’s first by Charles Darwin, is published, presenting his theory of natural selection and questioning the theory of creation.

Dec. 9, 1868: Liberal William Gladstone defeats Conservative Benjamin Disraeli to become prime minister, a position he held for four terms. His legacy includes reform for Ireland, establishing an elementary education program and instituting secret ballot voting.

March 7, 1876: Scotsman Alexander Graham Bell is awarded a patent on his invention of the telephone, and, three days later, famously makes the first phone call to Thomas Watson, his assistant.

May 1, 1876: India, which has been under British rule since 1858, declares Queen Victoria empress, under direction of Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.

Aug.-Nov. 1888: An unknown killed, named Jack the Ripper, murders and mutilates five prostitutes in London.

Jan. 22, 1901: Queen Victoria dies on the Isle of Wight at age 81, ending the Victorian Era. She is succeeded by Edward VI, her eldest son, who reigned until his death in 1910.

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