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How 9/11 Became the Deadliest Day in History for U.S. Firefighters

May 20, 2019 in History

By Patrick J. Kiger

Though they surmised that the twin towers had suffered structural damage, firefighters rushed into the unknown to try and save civilians. As an FDNY division chief later said, “We had to try to rescue them.”

At 8:46 a.m. on September 11, 2001, hijackers crashed American Airlines Flight 11 into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. Six minutes later, the first contingent of New York City firefighters—two ladder and two engine companies—had arrived at the stricken building. They had just begun to climb a stairwell in an effort to reach people trapped on the upper floors, when another hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 175, struck the south tower at 9:03 a.m.

The 9/11 attacks not only became the single deadliest terrorist attack in human history, they were also the deadliest incident ever for firefighters, as well as for law enforcement officers in the United States. The New York City Fire Department lost 343 among their ranks, while 23 New York City police officers and 37 Port Authority officers lost their lives, according to the 9/11 Commission that investigated the attacks and emergency response.

Civilians bolt in the opposite direction as firefighters rush towards the Twin Towers of the New York City’s World Trade Center after a plane hit the building on September 11, 2001.

View the 9 images of this gallery on the original article

“We had a very strong sense we would lose firefighters and that we were in deep trouble, FDNY Division Chief for Lower Manhattan Peter Hayden later told the commission. “But we had estimates of 25,000 to 50,000 civilians, and we had to try to rescue them.”

READ MORE: 9/11 Timeline

On the ground, fire department officials quickly realized that there was no hope of controlling the blaze. Instead, they focused on the desperate mission of evacuating the office workers who were inside the two massive buildings. Though they surmised that the twin towers had suffered structural damage and the fire-suppression systems might have been rendered inoperable, they had almost no solid information about the situation inside. So the firefighters rushed into the unknown.

But probably no one realized just how bad it would be. Among the 2,753 people killed at the World Trade Center site on 9/11, 343 were FDNY fatalities. That somber figure far surpasses the 78 lives lost in the next …read more

Source: HISTORY

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These 5 UFO Traits, Seen by Navy Fighters, Defy Explanation

May 20, 2019 in History

By Missy Sullivan & Greg Daugherty

Called the ‘five observables’ by a former Pentagon UFO investigator, they include hypersonic speed and the ability to fly without wings.

You know a UFO has earned its “unidentified” status when cockpit transcripts from elite Navy fighter jets include this frantic pilot exclamation: “Holy s___, what is that?”

When Luis Elizondo ran a small team at the U.S. Department of Defense investigating military-based reports of unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP), he heard numerous such accounts—by some of the most highly trained aeronautic experts in the military. They describe objects that appeared to be intelligently controlled, possessing aerodynamic capabilities that far surpass any currently known aircraft technology.

Now pursuing his investigations as part of To the Stars Academy of Arts & Sciences, Elizondo is an integral part of the investigative team featured on HISTORY’s “Unidentified: Inside America’s UFO Investigation,” where they have continued to gather eyewitness accounts:

USS Nimitz ‘Tic Tac’ UFO: Declassified Video (TV-PG; 2:45)

“It’s white. It has no wings. It has no rotors.”

“It didn’t fly like an aircraft. It was so unpredictable—high g, rapid velocity, rapid acceleration.”

“I didn’t see a trail.”

“It was going 70-plus knots underwater.”

Those reports—from Navy fighter pilots, radar operators and other witnesses from the USS Nimitz aircraft carrier strike group incident from November 2004—were among a handful of shocking encounters the Unidentified team explored. When Elizondo ran the Defense Department initiative, called the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program, or AATIP, he compiled a list of extraordinary, logic-defying capabilities most commonly associated with unidentified aerial phenomena sightings. He calls those traits the “five observables”:

READ MORE: When Top Gun Pilots Tangled with a Tic-Tac-Shaped UFO

1) Anti-gravity lift. Unlike any known aircraft, these objects have been sighted overcoming the earth’s gravity with no visible means of propulsion. They also lack any flight surfaces, such as wings. In the Nimitz incident, witnesses describe the crafts as tubular, shaped like a Tic Tac candy.

2) Sudden and instantaneous acceleration. The objects may accelerate or change direction so quickly that no human pilot could survive the g-forces—they would be crushed. In the Nimitz incident, radar operators say they tracked one of the UFOs as it dropped from the sky at more than 30 times the speed of sound. Black Aces squadron commander David Fravor, the Nimitz-based fighter pilot who was sent to intercept one of the objects, likened its rapid side-to-side movements, later captured on infrared video, to …read more

Source: HISTORY

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More for Your Money: School Choice

May 20, 2019 in Economics

By Corey A. DeAngelis

Corey A. DeAngelis

Gov. Tony Evers, a Democrat, hopes to halt school choice
expansion in Wisconsin. His budget proposes a suspension of new,
independent charter school openings until 2023 and a freeze in
enrollment for students using vouchers to attend private
schools.

But the Republican-controlled legislature just scrapped Evers’ school choice proposal. That’s
great news for the Badger State, because my just-released
study
finds that school choice is a wise investment.

Using Evers’ own publicly available Accountability Report Card
data from the 2017-18 school year, I find that private schools
participating in choice programs and independent charter schools
tend to offer the citizens of Wisconsin more “bang for the buck”
than district-run public schools.

Specifically, private schools deliver 2.27 more Accountability
Report Card points for every $1,000 invested than district-run
public schools, demonstrating a 36% cost-effectiveness advantage
for private schools. Notably, private schools are 75% more
cost-effective in Racine and 50% more cost-effective in Milwaukee,
the cities with the highest proportions of students using school
vouchers in the state.

The data reveal that Wisconsin’s independent charter schools
also do more with less. Independent charter schools are 63% more
cost-effective in Racine, and 50% more cost-effective in Milwaukee,
than nearby district-run public schools.

This isn’t the only evidence that school choice is a good
investment. In fact, a recent evaluation from researchers at the
University of Arkansas finds that charter schools are around 40%
more cost-effective than traditional public schools in Wisconsin.
Another peer-reviewed study from 2017 finds that
charter schools are more efficient than traditional public schools
in Milwaukee.

But that’s not all.

Most of the rigorous studies find that school choice in
Wisconsin also improves students’ academic achievement, high school graduation rates, college enrollment rates, civic engagement, and decreases crime.

Contrary to Evers’ wishes, Wisconsin should expand education
opportunities for children. Instead of freezing programs that work,
Evers should call for complete education funding equity for every
child in the Badger State, regardless of their zip code or the type
of school that works best for them. After all, the evidence
suggests that school choice is a wise investment.

Corey DeAngelis is director of school choice at the Reason Foundation and an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute. …read more

Source: OP-EDS