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President Donald Trump impeached

February 5, 2020 in History

By History.com Editors

After weeks of discussions among legislators, the House of Representatives voted to impeach the 45th President, Donald Trump, for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress on December 18, 2019. The vote fell largely along party lines: 230 in favor, 197 against and 1 present. Trump became only the third president ever to be impeached, joining Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, after Democrats raised concerns about his alleged attempts to seek foreign interference in the 2020 election and to hamper their investigation.

READ MORE: How Many US Presidents Have Faced Impeachment?

Some Democrats had advocated impeaching Trump, a historically unpopular president who was elected despite losing the popular vote, since the moment of his election. After they regained control of the House of Representatives, Democrats launched multiple investigations into his business dealings and his campaign’s ties to Russian hackers who targeted his 2016 opponent, Hillary Clinton. After an exhaustive effort failed to convince Speaker Nancy Pelosi and others that they had reason to impeach, a new scandal emerged that succeeded in doing so.

In September 2019, the public learned of a whistleblower complaint regarding a July phone call between Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. The complaint, which was corroborated by the acting Ambassador to Ukraine, stated that Trump had threatened to withhold U.S. foreign aid money until Zelensky promised to investigate Hunter Biden, son of leading Democratic 2020 candidate Joe Biden, for suspicious dealings in Ukraine.

The White House denied any “quid pro quo,” but the administration’s response was muddled. Rudy Giuliani, who was accused of helping Trump put pressure on Ukrainian officials to investigate Biden, made several media appearances in his capacity as Trump’s personal attorney that only created more confusion and suspicion. By late November, it was clear that the Democrats felt confident enough in their case for wrongdoing and obstruction of Congress that they would go through with impeachment.

After both articles were approved in the House, the case then moved to a Senate trial, which began on January 16, 2020. U.S. Supreme Court chief justice John Roberts presided over the trial. On February 5, 2020, in a vote that again fell largely along party lines, the Senate voted to acquit President Trump on both charges.

READ MORE: What Happens After Impeachment?

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Source: HISTORY

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7 Women Leaders Who Were Elected to Highest Office

February 5, 2020 in History

By Sarah Pruitt

They scored historic victories in their respective countries and left lasting legacies.

More than 70 nations worldwide have seen a woman lead their governments in the modern era. Some have been elected, some appointed; some served for relatively brief terms, while others have left an enduring legacy behind them.

These seven women are among the most formidable of history’s elected female leaders, in terms of both their time in office and the impact they had on their nations, as well as the world at large.

Sirimavo Bandaranaike – Sri Lanka

Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Elected prime minister of Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, in 1960, Bandaranaike was the first woman to be elected head of a government in the modern world. She had entered politics the previous year, after her husband was assassinated by a Buddhist monk while serving as prime minister. In the wake of his death, Bandaranaike took over leadership of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party; she served as head of state from 1960-65 and again from 1970-77. Known for nationalizing many businesses and establishing a state-run economic system, she also launched a political dynasty: Her daughter, Chandrika Kumaratunga, would serve as Sri Lanka’s prime minister, and from 1994-2005, its first woman president.

Indira Gandhi – India


Indira Gandhi

As the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru (who became India’s first prime minister), Indira Gandhi joined the movement for independence from Britain at an early age, and rose to become a key figure in the dominant Congress Party. In 1966, she was appointed party leader, and thus prime minister; she was elected to the post the following year, then twice re-elected. Gandhi strongly supported East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in its successful war for independence, which made India the dominant power in South Asia. Defeated in 1977 amid popular opposition, she regained power in 1980, but was assassinated by her own bodyguards in 1984 in retaliation for ordering the army to attack Sikh separatists at their holy temple.

Golda Meir – Israel


Golda Meir

By the time Meir became Israel’s fourth prime minister in 1969, she had spent 40 years serving her nation. Born in Ukraine, she immigrated to the United States as a child, and was raised in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After moving to what was then British Palestine to help establish the state of Israel, she became a leading spokesperson for the Zionist cause during …read more

Source: HISTORY

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Berlin Blockade

February 5, 2020 in History

By History.com Editors

The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany.

In June 1948, the simmering tensions between the Soviet Union and its former allies in

Benn Steil, The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War (Simon & Schuster, 2018)

Barry Turner, The Berlin Airlift: The Relief Operation that Defined the Cold War (Icon Books, 2017)

…read more

Source: HISTORY